Greenfield was first settled by the English in 1686 as part of Deerfield, and in 1753 was incorporated as a separate town, named for the Green River. It was the eastern terminus of the Mohawk Trail, a principal route for settlers traveling west into Upstate New York. After the Industrial Revolution, Greenfield was a center of industry, focused on paper production and cutlery factories. It was home to Lunt Silversmiths until 2010, and streets of stately manors are a reminder of a bygone era of prosperity and growth. Today, Greenfield is a residential community with a country feel and is the seat Franklin County, established in 1848. That same year, the first Franklin County Fair was held, and the area is still know for agricultural production. Greenfield is located at the crossroads of Interstate 91, Route 2 and the famous Mohawk Trail in Western Massachusetts, close to the borders where Massachusetts, Vermont, and New Hampshire meet. The town hosts the annual Green River Festival in July, as well as weekly Farmers Markets on Sundays. Greenfield is within a reasonable driving distance from Northampton, Amherst, Deerfield and the Berkshires of Western Massachusetts, and has an up-and-coming arts scene with the establishment of Hawks and Reed Performing Arts Center.